Hostage negotiators may work in teams, with a primary and a secondary negotiator. Sometimes, the primary just “gets stuck” and can’t think of the correct thing to say, so the secondary can provide assistance. Sometimes, a bystander just happens to get involved — maybe because the person can translate between different languages or simply because he or she answered a phone. The fate of the hostages does not necessarily depend on what happens during the termination phase. Plus, if anyone who took hostages immediately had all of his or her demands granted, the world would face one hostage crisis after another. Kidnappers keep their hostage in a secret location, and communication is often one-way — the kidnappers tell the authorities what to do. Above all, the negotiator should keep a positive, upbeat attitude, reassuring the hostage-taker that everything will eventually work out peacefully. Some of the hostage-takers wept, and two of them agreed to avoid a lethal shot when they pushed him out of the train. It is vital that these two positions are not held by the same person (Antokol, pg.134).
There are complicated psychological reasons for Stockholm Syndrome. This is known as Stockholm Syndrome, named after a Swedish bank heist gone wrong that resulted in a six-day stand-off. The hostage-taker might be emotionally or mentally disturbed. Foster the growth of relationships between negotiator and hostage-taker and between hostage-taker and hostages. Spending hours, days and months together doesn’t only foster feelings on the part of the hostage-taker toward the hostages. When the hostage-taker gets to know the hostages and sees them as human beings, it becomes more difficult to execute them. Some criminals use innocent bystanders as human shields to protect themselves from the police. Penman, Danny. “Can we really transplant a human soul?” Mail Online. The negotiator can also encourage activities that require cooperation and interaction between the captors and the hostages, such as sending food and medical supplies in bulk packages that have to be prepared. They’re usually angry about whatever perceived injustice has led them to take hostages, and they are filled with adrenaline following the excitement of their attack. It also has something to do with power — the hostage-taker has the power to kill the hostages, and when he doesn’t, the hostages’ relief can turn into gratitude, which eventually develops into sympathy.
The negotiator should never argue with a hostage-taker and never say no to a demand. This can give the negotiator some clues as to how the hostage-taker might respond to certain situations — a negotiator deals very differently with a depressed, suicidal captor than with a cold, rational pragmatist. Astaiza, Randy. “You Might Think These People are Crazy for Swimming in Venice’s Flooded Streets Once You See How their Sewer System Works.” Business Insider. They might ask for huge sums of money or for the release of thousands of fellow terrorists from jails. The most famous hostage situations in history have been the result of carefully planned attacks by terrorists and radical political groups. According to Lt. Gary Schmidt of the Cheektowaga Police Department in Cheektowaga, NY, this is the type of hostage situation the average police officer faces most often. The hostages ended up assisting the robber, acting as lookouts and giving him advice, while gradually coming to view the police outside as their common enemy.
Angry, excited people with machine guns are not good for hostages. In a modern culture of people publicly confessing everywhere, sharing the most embarrassing and shameful acts, is it time to just bare it all so we feel better? It will give you better coverage. Will alternative fuels deplete global corn supplies? A lot of information will come from other officers at the scene who have scouted the area or run background checks on the hostage-takers, but the negotiator can learn a lot from the hostage-takers themselves. Kidnapping is a form of hostage crisis, but it doesn’t resemble a typical hostage situation in which the hostage-takers are barricaded in a known area. This type of hostage situation is unplanned. Tactics include stalling while an official with more authority is consulted, getting deadlines pushed back, focusing the hostage-takers’ attention on details such as what type of airplane they want and asking them open-ended questions rather than yes/no questions. Getting some of the hostages out of the situation not only ensures their safety, but it also simplifies the situation in the event that an armed assault becomes necessary.
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