Participants reported how often they engaged in each sexual behavior with and without the use of condoms; separate frequencies were obtained for main partners (defined as ‘a partner you would call your boyfriend, spouse, significant other, or life partner’) and casual partners. The opposition to the decision has two main prongs. The scale was initially developed to measure two distinct forms of social capital; bonding and bridging social capital. Ethnographic study and first two authors’ time were supported by the UCLA AIDS Institute (AI28697) and US National Institute on Drug Abuse (T32 DA 24600) with additional support of all authors from US National Institute of Mental Health (P30 MH58107). In the interim report, the TGA state that popper use comes with several health risks and have “little to no therapeutic use”, and so want to redefine it’s use purely as “a lubricating action between machinery parts”. If you’re gay and you grow up without marriage or prospect of family, it’s obvious we just want to do what they’re doing. It’s been framed in this slightly different way, but… Often described as “a new way to use poppers” or as “huffing poppers,” in fact, the practice is simply huffing-that is, inhaling organic solvents or propellants, typically with the use of a rag, a sock, or a bag to diffuse or contain the solution for more efficient inhalation.
Technology and Practice Executive Committee. In the United States, huffing has primarily been a practice of adolescents from lower socioeconomic status backgrounds (Anderson & Loomis, 2003), not among gay, male bisexual, or other MSM subcultures. The outness inventory assesses the degree or magnitude to which lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals are open or ‘out’ about their sexual orientation to other individuals. The survey collected sociodemographic information from respondents, including age (in years), ethnicity (Chinese vs non-Chinese), gender (cisgender vs non-cisgender), sexual orientation (gay vs non-gay), and monthly household income (SGD5000 and above vs below SGD5000; SGD5000 is approximately USD3668.94). The overall outness score was calculated as an average of three subscales, including outness to family, outness to religion, and outness to the world. Since the 1980s, amyl nitrite has been restricted to medical uses in the United States and Europe, but a number of related alkyl nitrites continue to be available in legal or semi-legal form, including butyl nitrite, isobutyl nitrite, isopropyl nitrite, cyclohexyl nitrite, and others. A total of 570 participants were recruited at the baseline of the cohort, however the response rate could not be established as it was not possible to ascertain the total number of eligible participants that the recruitment flyers had reached.
Participants could also refer their friends to participate in the survey and be reimbursed SGD5.00 (approximately USD3.75) for each friend successfully referred and who had completed the baseline survey; a total of 171 (30.0%) of participants were recruited through referrals. Our study focuses on the use of sildenafil citrate (viagra), testosterone, and antidepressants among a large, diverse sample of HIV-positive gay and bisexual men recruited for an HIV prevention intervention trial. Men who avoid condoms because of difficulty in maintaining erections may find condoms even more problematical when antidepressants decrease sexual sensitivity. While men who have sex with men (MSM) in North America have commonly used alkyl nitrite “poppers,” related to the vasodilator amyl nitrite, in sexual contexts since at least the 1970s, they do not have a significant history of using solvent or propellant inhalants, known as “huffing.” This may be changing, with some solvents being marketed as a “new form of poppers.” Huffing solvents carries considerably more health risk than using alkyl nitrite poppers, but this may not be recognized by clinicians, who usually have little knowledge of either, or MSM, who do not have a cultural history of huffing.
BIC. We opted to present our findings through a latent class model so that the findings would be more easily translatable through differentiated models of care, and interpreted by policymakers in the context of the evidence that already exists on chemsex among GBMSM in Singapore. Most significant in a sexual context, phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors (the class of medications that includes Viagra®) can interact with NO-releasing agents like nitrite poppers to cause substantial vasodilation, leading to serious cardiovascular complications and possibly death (Cheitlin et al., 1999). In individuals with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, alkyl nitrites can trigger a hemolytic anemia. The patient admitted to regular use (at least daily) of isopropyl nitrite poppers (brand ‘Liquid Gold’) for the previous 18 months. Our recent research found almost half of gay and bisexual men in Australia have used poppers in the last six months. A 56-year-old man with a history of HIV seropositivity and depression experienced painless, progressive vision loss in both eyes over the course of several months.